Electrospun nanofibers for enhancing structural performance of composite materials
2019/11/27 21:19:09Zucchelli, A., M. L. Focarete, C. Gualandi and S. Ramakrishna
Over the past six decades, engineered composite materials found wide ranging applications in land, sea and air transport vehicles, space exploration, military equipment and defense, storage, buildings and construction, chemical processing, electrical engineering, healthcare, and general engineering industries. Performance of engineered composites is tailored for an intended application by judiciously selecting the matrix and reinforcement materials, by modifying the fiber-matrix interface, and by controlling the architecture of fibers in the matrix. Most widely used reinforcement fibers are micron size diameter fibers. There is growing need for engineered composites with enhanced structural performance in newer applications as well as existing applications, which are expected to meet higher functional requirements and enhanced safety requirements. Moreover the global movement toward sustainable development is seeking engineered materials which are environmentally benign. Recently the electrospinning process has emerged as a viable industrial process to produce nanofibers from a variety of materials including naturally occurring polymers. This paper illustrates the benefits of using electrospun nanofibers in enhancing the structural performance of engineered composite materials. Copyright (C) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.